IoT Temperature Monitoring in Energy Industry

IoT technology benefits the shift to sustainable energy sources as well as production, distribution, and consumption in the energy sector. Climate change, ageing infrastructure, energy security, and price volatility are a few of the issues it may help with.The paper provides IoT temperature monitoring applications in the energy sector and examines the role of IoT temperature monitoring in energy sector equipment to address these difficulties.
IoT Temperature Monitoring in Energy Industry
Table of Contents

With interconnected devices, sensors, and communication protocols, IoT allows real-time temperature monitoring, analytics, and automated control, providing more accurate and reliable data for critical decision-making.

The IoT technology in the energy industry improves production, distribution, consumption, and transition to sustainable energy sources. It can help address challenges such as climate change, ageing infrastructure, energy security, and price volatility.

The article discusses the role of IoT temperature monitoring in energy sector equipment to address these challenges and presents the applications of IoT temperature monitoring in the energy industry.

What is IoT temperature monitoring in the energy industry?

IoT (Internet of Things) temperature monitoring in the energy industry refers to monitoring temperature in power plants, pipelines, substations, and other critical infrastructure.

Importance of temperature monitoring in the energy industry

Temperature monitoring is critical in the energy industry, as many of the industry’s operations require precise temperature control. For example, power plants must maintain accurate temperature levels in boilers, turbines, and generators to ensure optimal performance and prevent damage. 

The goal of IoT temperature monitoring in the energy industry

The primary goal of IoT temperature monitoring is to ensure that energy equipment operates within safe temperature limits, which can help prevent damage, reduce downtime, and improve overall efficiency. For example, early detection of potential equipment failures due to temperature variation in transformers can minimise the risk of power outages.

Which devices are involved in IoT temperature monitoring?

IoT temperature monitoring involves various devices to collect, transmit, and process temperature data.

  • Sensors: Smart sensors can be integrated into equipment or placed in the environment to monitor temperature levels.
  • IoT gateways: It is the central component of the IoT temperature monitoring system, serving as a bridge between IoT devices and the cloud server. IoT gateway collects data from numerous IoT temperature sensors and sends the data to a cloud-based server,  enabling real-time data collection and analysis. 
  • Cloud or central server: The cloud or central server stores and processes temperature data received from sensors. Advanced algorithms analyse the data to identify patterns and trends, predict equipment failure, and optimise operations.
  • Mobile devices: Mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets can access temperature data remotely, providing real-time alerts and notifications.
  • Software: Applications analyse temperature data, generate reports, and provide insights to optimise operations and reduce maintenance costs.
  • Thermostatic valve: Typically used in heating and cooling systems, this device regulates the flow of water or air to maintain a desired temperature.
  • Thermostat: This device measures and controls the temperature in a room or building by turning heating or cooling systems on and off.
  • Boiler controller: This device controls a boiler’s temperature and manages the flow of hot water or steam to heating systems.

How do sensors and devices work together in an IoT temperature monitoring system?

In an IoT temperature monitoring system, these devices collect data from temperature sensors, analyse the data in the cloud, and send commands to actuators to adjust heating and cooling systems as needed. The IoT gateway is the central hub for all data collection and analysis. The thermostatic valve, thermostat, and boiler controller work together to maintain a desired temperature in the building or system. The system can also be configured to send alerts and notifications to maintenance staff if system faults or temperatures exceed certain thresholds.

Applications of IoT temperature monitoring in the energy industry

IoT temperature monitoring has numerous applications in the energy industry, from power generation to transmission and distribution. IoT gateways play a pivotal role in the remote monitoring of temperature. Here are some of the applications of IoT temperature monitoring in the energy industry:

Power generation plants and substations

IoT temperature monitoring can ensure that critical components such as generators, transformers, and switchgear operate within safe temperature limits. IoT gateways receive temperature data from sensors on critical components, process it, and send it to the cloud for analysis and monitoring. Real-time observation can also provide early warning of potential failures, allowing maintenance teams to take corrective action before a component fails.

Transmission and distribution

IoT gateways collect temperature data from sensors placed on transformers, switchgear, and other critical components. This data is then analysed in the cloud to identify potential failures and prevent power outages.

Oil and gas industry

IoT gateways enable real-time monitoring of the temperature of pipelines, tanks, and other equipment involved in oil and gas production. It helps to prevent leaks, reduce energy consumption, and optimise production efficiency.

Renewable energy systems 

IoT gateways collect temperature data from sensors attached to solar panels, wind turbines, and hydroelectric generators. It ensures their operation within safe temperature limits to prevent equipment failures and improve overall system efficiency.

Energy storage facilities 

IoT temperature monitoring can monitor the temperature of batteries and fuel cells in energy storage systems with the help of an IoT gateway. Data transmitted by IoT gateways to the cloud is then analysed to optimise energy storage capacity and prevent overheating or damage to the equipment.

The benefits of IoT temperature monitoring

Adding IoT Temperature Monitoring to energy sector equipment can provide added value for equipment and operators, improving performance, safety, and efficiency. It can offer manufacturers a competitive advantage, improved customer satisfaction, and increased profitability.

How IoT temperature monitoring enhances equipment performance in the energy industry?

IoT temperature monitoring provides added value to different energy sector equipment in several ways.

  • Improved equipment performance: IoT Temperature Monitoring can provide real-time data on the temperature of critical components, allowing operators to adjust settings to optimise performance. It results in increased efficiency and reduced downtime.
  • Early detection of equipment failures: IoT Temperature Monitoring can help detect potential equipment failures before they occur. Hence the operators proactively address the issue before it becomes a significant problem, reducing downtime and maintenance costs.
  • Improved safety: IoT Temperature Monitoring can help ensure equipment operates within safe temperature limits, thus reducing the risk of accidents and improving worker safety.
  • Enhanced data analytics: IoT Temperature Monitoring can provide large amounts of data on equipment performance. The data analysis identifies trends and patterns and assists operators in making more informed decisions and optimising equipment performance.

How can IoT temperature monitoring benefit energy sector equipment manufacturers?

For energy sector equipment manufacturers, adding IoT Temperature Monitoring to their products can offer several benefits.

  • Improved product design: IoT Temperature Monitoring can provide manufacturers real-world data on how their equipment performs under various operating conditions. Later, the equipment manufacturer can use this information to optimise the design of energy sector products. 
  • Increased customer satisfaction: IoT Temperature Monitoring can help manufacturers identify potential issues before they occur, reducing the likelihood of equipment failures and improving customer satisfaction.
  • Competitive advantage: By incorporating IoT Temperature Monitoring into their equipment, manufacturers can differentiate themselves from competitors by offering more advanced and reliable equipment. The added benefit increases the market share and improves profitability.
  • Predictive maintenance: IoT Temperature Monitoring can help manufacturers implement predictive maintenance programs. By monitoring equipment temperature data in real-time, manufacturers can identify potential issues before they lead to equipment failures. Such a proactive approach reduces maintenance costs and improves equipment uptime.

Communication Interfaces for IoT temperature monitoring

The selected interface should provide reliable and efficient communication between the temperature sensors and the cloud-based monitoring system. Some commonly used communication interfaces are available below.

  • Wi-Fi: A wireless communication protocol providing high-speed data transfer, usually used to provide internet connectivity to the IoT gateway.
  • Bluetooth: A wireless communication protocol commonly used for short-range IoT applications. It is ideal for devices with low power consumption requirements and for temperature monitoring applications in small areas.
  • Zigbee: A low-power wireless communication protocol used for devices to communicate with each other in a mesh network.
  • Z-Wave: A wireless communication protocol designed for home automation and IoT devices, providing low power consumption and reliability.
  • LoRaWAN: A long-range, low-power wireless communication protocol designed for IoT devices to communicate over long distances with low data rates.
  • Cellular networks: A wireless communication network allows devices to connect to the internet to transmit data over a vast area network.
  • Ethernet: A wired networking technology connecting devices to a local network over a physical cable.

How to identify the communication interface?

The choice depends on various factors such as range, power consumption, data transfer speed, and cost. It also varies from case to case. 

Use cases

Following are some of the suitable protocols for the particular use cases.  

Energy generation plants

Ethernet provides a reliable and high-speed connection over a physical cable, ideal for monitoring critical equipment such as generators, turbines, and cooling towers in power stations.

Oil and gas industry

LoRaWAN is a long-range, low-power wireless communication protocol designed for IoT devices to communicate over long distances with low data rates. It is ideal for non-contact temperature sensors that measure the temperature of the compressor’s bearings and other critical components in remote areas.

Renewable energy sector

Zigbee is suitable for contact sensors placed on the surface of solar panels to measure their temperature, as it provides a low-power connection and can cover a large area.

Comparison of technical specifications

The following table presents a brief comparative analysis.

InterfaceTypeRangeBandwidthPower CostSuitability
WiFiWireless LANUp to 100 metersHigh (up to 100 Mbps)High ModerateIndoor applications, close-range monitoring
EthernetWired LANUp to 100 metersHigh (up to 1 Gbps)LowModerateFixed installations, high-bandwidth needs
ZigbeeWirelessUp to 100 metersLow (250 Kbps)LowLowLow-power applications, mesh networking
Z-WaveWirelessUp to 100 metersLow (100 Kbps)LowModerateHome automation, low-power applications
BluetoothWirelessUp to 10 metersLow (up to 2 Mbps)LowLowShort-range monitoring, low-power devices
LoRaWANWirelessUp to several KmsLow (up to 50 Kbps)Very lowHighLong-range monitoring, low-power devices
CellularWirelessCoverage depends on cellLow to high (up to Mbps)HighHighRemote monitoring, high-bandwidth needs

SoC Technology in IoT temperature monitoring

System-on-Chip (SoC) technology is widely used in IoT temperature monitoring because it provides a highly integrated solution for combining multiple functions onto a single chip. SoC technology can help reduce the size and cost of IoT temperature monitoring devices while improving their performance and power efficiency.

Why does IoT temperature monitoring use multi-protocol SOC?

IoT temperature monitoring devices often need to communicate with various instruments and systems, which may use different wireless communication protocols. Multi-protocol SoCs support a range of wireless standards, including ethernet, Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, Zigbee, and Z-wave. It allows IoT temperature monitoring devices to communicate with various instruments and systems.


Multi-protocol System-on-Chip (SoC) technology offers several advantages in IoT temperature monitoring, including


SoCs support multiple protocols, making integrating different sensors and data acquisition channels easy. 

Real-time data analysis

SoC enables real-time data analysis and quick response to temperature changes, reducing the risk of equipment failure or damage.

Advanced analytics

SoCs can support advanced machine learning algorithms to develop predictive maintenance strategies and detect anomalies in temperature data.

Innovative applications

SoCs enable the development of innovative applications for IoT temperature monitoring. For example, they can monitor temperature-sensitive products during transportation or storage, ensuring they remain within the desired temperature range.

Dusun application for IoT temperature monitoring

The Programmable DSGW-030 Gateway is a perfect fit for energy equipment manufacturers looking for a reliable and customisable gateway to integrate into their temperature monitoring systems. [email protected] OS powers the gateway with a powerful MTK7688 processor, 64MB RAM, and up to 64MB flash storage. It allows equipment manufacturers to choose the desired protocols as it supports Wi-Fi/Ethernet, Bluetooth 5.2, Zigbee 3.0, and Z-Wave.

With its developer-friendly resources and ready-to-market design, this device is a valuable addition to any energy company looking to streamline its temperature monitoring and control systems. The gateway comes with a fully documented SDK quick guide, toolchain, and API reference file, making it easy for developers to build custom applications to satisfy their complex requirements. 

Dusun DSGW 030 IoT gateway

Moreover, the gateway is AWS certified, integrated with Azure, Tuya, and Philips Hue, and comes with many ready-to-use applications. With its secure authentication, reliable connectivity, and complete certifications, the DSGW-030 BLE 5/Zigbee 3/Z-Wave to Wi-Fi/Ethernet Gateway is an ideal option for energy equipment manufacturers to add value and advanced features to their IoT temperature monitoring systems.

The IoT temperature monitoring system is a must-have for the energy industry, and the Duusn DSGW-030 Gateway is the perfect device for any company looking to improve the efficiency and reliability of their temperature monitoring systems.

IoT Temperature Monitoring FAQs

What could be the possible challenges an equipment manufacturer can face while integrating an IoT monitoring system into their energy sector equipment?

Integrating IoT monitoring systems in energy sector equipment manufacturing can bring challenges such as integrating legacy equipment with modern IoT systems, security of IoT systems, data processing and analysis, changes in existing business processes, and workforce training. Legacy equipment may need communication protocols or interfaces to communicate with IoT sensors. IoT systems require a robust security infrastructure to ensure data privacy and system integrity. Real-time processing of vast data requires powerful computing resources and analytics tools. Integration of IoT systems may also require changes in existing business processes and workforce training to manage the data generated by IoT sensors and make informed decisions based on real-time data.

What could be the added cost of integrating IoT monitoring systems in energy equipment?

Integrating IoT monitoring systems in energy equipment can add additional costs, such as the cost of IoT sensors, gateways, communication infrastructure, and data storage. There may also be costs associated with retrofitting legacy equipment with new communication interfaces or upgrading existing infrastructure to support IoT systems.

What various IoT temperature sensor types are there?

Due to their tiny size and low power consumption, thermocouples are particularly well-liked IoT temperature sensors. They are also quite precise and trustworthy. Thermocouples, resistance temperature detectors (RTDs), and infrared temperature sensors are further forms of temperature sensors.

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