Integration of IoT gateways is essential for assuring effective and dependable operations in industrial settings. IoT gateways provide as a conduit for data transfer and communication between on-premises hardware and cloud-based platforms. In an industrial setting, these gateways serve as mediators, gathering and processing data from a variety of sensors, machines, and other connected devices.
IIoT gateway can optimise bandwidth usage, lower latency, and improve security by gathering and preparing data at the edge. Additionally, they allow for local decision-making and control, real-time responsiveness, and the continuation of crucial processes even in the absence of a reliable internet connection.
Why do industrial gateways use so many protocols?
Various protocols are used by industrial gateways as a result of the variety of devices, systems, and networks. Due to the variety of devices, systems, and networks prevalent in industrial contexts, industrial gateways use a number of protocols. discovered in industrial settings.
Firstly, different types of networks, such as Ethernet, Wi-Fi, Zigbee, Bluetooth, and others, are frequently present in industrial settings. Different communication standards and protocols may be used in these networks. By translating and bridging data across these many networks, industrial gateways serve as intermediates and promote efficient data flow between various protocols.
Secondly, strong security measures are needed for industrial systems to protect sensitive data and essential infrastructure. The amount of security features and encryption standards offered by various protocols varies. Gateways can use a defense-in-depth strategy by supporting a variety of protocols, choosing the best ones depending on the unique security needs of the connected devices and networks.
Thirdly, industrial environments are dynamic and frequently call for the gradual integration of new hardware and software. Multiple-protocol gateways offer the adaptability needed to handle future expansions, enabling new devices using various protocols to connect and interact with current systems without any problems.
Finally, industry Standards and Interoperability: To guarantee compatibility and interoperability between systems and devices, certain industries have defined specialised protocols and standards. For instance, the industrial automation industry frequently uses the protocols Modbus, Profibus, and OPC-UA. Regardless of the underlying protocols used, devices and systems may share data and integrate seamlessly when using gateways that meet certain industry standards.
Comminication Protocols Supported by DSGW-089
What is WiFi?
Wi-Fi (Wireless Fidelity) is a technology that allows devices to connect to the internet or communicate with each other wirelessly using radio waves.
DSGW-089 WiFi Function
The Dusun DSGW-089 gateway offers robust Wi-Fi functionality to enhance connectivity and communication within industrial or IoT environments. The gateway is designed to support various Wi-Fi standards, such as 802.11a/b/g/n/ac, ensuring compatibility with a wide range of Wi-Fi-enabled devices.
It can operate on different frequency bands, offering flexibility in choosing the most suitable Wi-Fi channel for the environment. The DSGW-089 gateway implements robust security measures for Wi-Fi communication, including encryption protocols (such as WPA2/WPA3) and authentication mechanisms.
What is BLE?
BLE stands for Bluetooth Low Energy. It is a wireless communication technology designed for short-range, low-power connectivity between devices, commonly used in applications such as IoT, wearables, and proximity-based interactions.
DSGW-089 BLE Function
The Dusun DSGW-089 i.MX8M Lift IIoT Gateway supports Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) channels ranging from Ch0 to Ch39 for 2MHz channels. BLE uses a frequency-hopping spread spectrum technique to communicate over multiple channels within the 2.4 GHz ISM (Industrial, Scientific, and Medical) band.
The specific channels within this range are designated by numbers, with Ch0 to Ch39 being available for communication in the BLE spectrum. The DSGW-089 gateway can utilize these channels for BLE communication with compatible devices.
What is LTE Cat4?
LTE Cat4, or Category 4, is a classification within the Long-Term Evolution (LTE) wireless communication standard. It represents a level of performance and capabilities for 4G cellular networks, offering maximum download speeds of up to 150 Mbps and upload speeds of up to 50 Mbps.
DSGW-089 LTE Cat4 Function
The Dusun DSGW-089 i.MX8M Lift IIoT Gateway supports the following cellular network bands and technologies:
- LTE-FDD Bands: B1, B2, B3, B4, B5, B7, B8, B12, B13, B18, B19, B20, B25, B26, B28.
- This means the gateway can operate on LTE-FDD networks using these specific frequency bands.
- LTE-TDD Bands: B38, B39, B40, B41.
- The gateway also supports LTE-TDD networks using these specific frequency bands.
- WCDMA Bands: B1, B2, B4, B5, B6, B8, B19.
- The gateway is compatible with WCDMA networks using these frequency bands.
- GSM Bands: B2, B3, B5, B8.
- The gateway supports GSM networks using these specific frequency bands.
- VoLTE: The DSGW-089 gateway has Voice over LTE (VoLTE) capability. This means it can support voice calls over LTE networks, offering higher quality voice calls and faster call setup times.
These network band and technology support enable the DSGW-089 gateway to connect to various cellular networks worldwide, providing reliable and high-speed connectivity for IoT and industrial applications.
What is BACnet?
BACnet is a widely used protocol in building automation and control systems, allowing devices to communicate and exchange data for monitoring and controlling various building systems such as HVAC, lighting, and security.
DSGW-089 BACnet Function
The DSGW-089’s support for BACnet enables integration with BACnet-compatible devices and systems, facilitating interoperability and seamless communication within a building automation environment.
What is Modbus?
Modbus is a commonly used communication protocol in industrial automation for connecting and controlling devices in a supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) system.
DSGW-089 Modbus Function
The DSGW-089’s Modbus support allows it to communicate with Modbus-enabled devices, such as sensors, actuators, PLCs (Programmable Logic Controllers), and other industrial equipment. This enables seamless integration and data exchange between the gateway and Modbus-compatible devices, facilitating centralized monitoring and control within an industrial environment.
Enclosure Features of DSGW-089
High performance CPU
The NXP i.MX8M Mini is a system-on-chip (SoC) that features quad-core Cortex-A53 processors and an additional Arm Cortex-M4F microcontroller. The quad-core Cortex-A53 processors offer high-performance computing capabilities, allowing for smooth multitasking and running demanding applications.
Cortex-A53 processors are designed to deliver a balance between performance and power efficiency, optimizing battery life in mobile and embedded devices. The Cortex-M4F microcontroller complements the Cortex-A53 cores by providing real-time processing capabilities. It is often used for low-power tasks, sensor interfacing, and managing real-time events, making the i.MX8M Mini suitable for a wide range of applications.
The i.MX8M Mini incorporates various hardware accelerators and peripherals, including graphics processing units (GPU), video encoders and decoders, audio codecs, and connectivity options such as Wi-Fi, Bluetooth, and Ethernet. This integration simplifies the design and reduces the need for additional components.
NXP provides a comprehensive software ecosystem for the i.MX8M Mini, including Linux and Android operating systems, enabling developers to leverage a rich set of software tools, libraries, and frameworks.
Indicator LED Lights
There are three LED lights for indicator the working status of DSGW-089.
- Power indicator: this light will turn on when the power source is properly connected;
- Network indicator: this light will turn on soon the network connection is operational;
- Signal indicator: You may use this light to check if the signal is connected.
- Ethernet Ports: DSGW-089 has two 10/100/1000 Mbps Ethernet ports for LAN connectivity.
- USB Ports: The gateway features four USB 2.0 ports for connecting external devices or peripherals.
- RS-232/RS-485/RS-422 Serial Ports: It includes three RS-232/RS-485/RS-422 serial ports for connecting to serial devices or equipment.
- GPIO Ports: The gateway offers a 16-bit GPIO interface for general-purpose input/output connections.
- CAN Bus: It supports CAN bus communication, which is commonly used in industrial automation and control systems.
- Mini-PCIe Slot: The gateway provides a Mini-PCIe slot, which can be utilized for additional expansion or connectivity options.
Li-Battery back up
The built-in Li-Battery backup feature provides power backup capabilities to DSGW-089 IIoT gateway, allowing it to continue functioning during power outages or interruptions. This ensures uninterrupted operation and data retention in critical scenarios, providing a reliable and continuous operation of the gateway and its connected devices. The Li-Battery backup feature helps maintain system availability and reliability in various industrial and IoT applications.